Abduction Of Children By A Parent | BC - Surrey - Zukerman Law

Abduction Of Children By A Parent | BC – Surrey

Imagine the unimaginable: your child is gone. Not lost in the park, but taken by the other parent, defying court orders or agreements and vanishing without a trace. This is the horrifying reality of parental abduction, a situation that tears families apart and leaves custodial parents feeling helpless. In British Columbia, like many other places, parental abduction is a serious issue, causing immense emotional distress and disrupting children’s lives.

This blog post will guide you through everything you need to know about parental abduction in BC. We’ll explore what it is, the warning signs to watch out for, and most importantly, what steps you can take to protect your children and what to do if the unthinkable happens. We’ll also introduce you to the experienced legal team at Zukerman Law Group, who can provide the support and guidance you need during this difficult time.

What is Parental Abduction?

Parental abduction happens when a parent violates a court order (custody or visitation) by taking, keeping, or hiding the child from the other parent. This is different from a custody dispute because there’s already a legal agreement in place that’s being disregarded.

Custody Dispute vs. Abduction:

Custody Dispute: This is a disagreement between parents about who should have custody (primary care) of the child. It may involve lawyers and court hearings to determine a legal custody arrangement.

Parental Abduction: This occurs after a legal custody agreement is already in place. One parent intentionally disregards the agreement by taking or hiding the child from the other parent.

Is It a Criminal Offense for a Parent to Abduct a Child?

The specific laws can vary by location, but generally taking a child away from the other parent in violation of a custody agreement can be considered a crime. This is because it disrupts the legal order and can cause distress to the child and another parent.

Signs of Potential Abduction

When a parent’s behavior shifts in a way that raises concerns about their child’s safety, it’s crucial to take action. Here are some common signs that a parent might be planning to abduct their child:

Sudden Changes in Routine

Look for drastic changes in the custodial schedule or the non-custodial parent’s behavior with the child. This could include wanting extended visits, refusing handoffs, or expressing sudden disinterest in pre-existing activities.


Does the non-custodial parent seem to be isolating the child from friends, family, or familiar environments? This could be an attempt to make it easier to disappear.

Comments About Leaving the Jurisdiction

Pay close attention to comments about moving away, obtaining new passports or travel documents for the child, or expressing a desire to take the child to a different country.

Financial Irregularities

Unexplained financial activity, selling possessions, or attempts to max out credit cards could indicate preparations for a potential flight.

Increased Conflict

A sudden rise in conflict or hostility between parents, particularly regarding custody arrangements, can be a red flag.

If you notice any of these signs, it’s important to consult with a lawyer specializing in parental abduction as soon as possible. An experienced lawyer can advise you on legal steps to take, help create a safety plan, and navigate the complexities of the situation. Remember, early intervention can be critical in preventing an abduction and ensuring the safety of your child.

Protecting Your Children from Abduction

Protecting Your Children from Abduction

The thought of parental abduction is terrifying, but there are steps you can take to protect your children. Here’s how to be proactive:

1- Creating a Comprehensive Parenting Plan

  • Seek legal guidance: Zukerman Law Group is experienced in crafting detailed parenting plans that address abduction concerns. These plans can outline clear communication protocols, specific pick-up and drop-off procedures, and limitations on travel with the child.
  • Address potential risks: The plan should consider your specific situation and any concerns you have. This might include restrictions on travel outside a certain radius, requirements for notifying the custodial parent before taking the child out of town, or designated exchange locations for handoffs.
  • Include emergency procedures: The plan should outline steps to take in case of a violation or suspected abduction. This includes who to contact (lawyers, law enforcement) and what information needs to be readily available.

2- Securing Important Documents

  • Keep originals safe: Always keep original passports, birth certificates, and any other vital documents for your children in a secure location, such as a safe deposit box.
  • Provide copies (with caution): If the other parent requires copies of these documents for travel or other purposes, only provide certified copies and limit the validity time frame.

3- Understanding Emergency Response Systems

  • Amber Alerts: In cases of confirmed child abduction, Amber Alerts are a crucial tool for notifying the public and aiding in recovery. Familiarize yourself with the Amber Alert system in British Columbia and how to report suspected abductions.
  • Law Enforcement: If you suspect your child has been abducted, immediately contact the police. Provide them with all relevant information, including the parenting plan, custody agreements, and any suspicions you have.

By taking these steps, you can create a stronger defense against parental abduction and ensure you have the necessary resources in place. Remember, Zukerman Law Group is here to guide you through the legal aspects of protecting your children.

Preventative Steps of Parental Child Abduction

Preventative Steps of Parental Child Abduction

There are a number of preventative steps parents may choose to take if they fear that a family member may attempt to abduct their child.

  • Get a clear custody agreement: A court order that spells out who has custody and visitation rights is essential.
  • Ask for extra security in visitation: If you’re worried, talk to the judge about supervised visits (where someone else is present), requiring a bond (financial security deposit), or even limiting travel with the child.
  • Keep important documents safe: Secure passports and birth certificates. If the other parent needs copies for travel, make them certified and limit their validity.
  • Inform the child’s school/daycare: Let them know about your custody order and any restrictions on the child leaving with someone else.
  • Flag your child’s passport: This can make it harder for someone to take them out of the country without your permission.
  • Teach your child safety basics: Have them memorize your home address and phone number in case of emergencies.
  • Prevent international travel (if needed): If a court order prohibits the child from leaving the country, enroll them in a program that alerts authorities if a passport application is made.

Note: At Zukerman Law Group, we understand the unimaginable pain and fear of parental abduction. Our experienced family law team has a proven track record of successfully resolving these complex and emotionally charged cases in British Columbia.

We don’t just navigate the legalities; we stand by your side throughout the entire process. Contact Zukerman Law Group today for a consultation. We can help you create a plan to protect your child and navigate the legal path forward.


Parental abduction is terrifying, but knowledge is power. By familiarizing yourself with the signs and taking steps to protect your children, you can create a stronger defense.


  • 1- What is the Hague Convention for parental child abduction?1

    The Hague Abduction Convention is an international agreement that helps parents get their children back if they’ve been taken to another country without permission.

  • 2- How long does the Hague process take?1

    Using the Hague Service Convention to serve documents overseas can take several months (3-6) to complete the process properly.

  • 3- What is considered child abduction by a parent in Canada?1

    Parental or guardian abduction is the most common type of child abduction in Canada. When one parent or guardian takes, holds, or hides a kid from the other parent or guardian, it is referred to as parental child abduction.

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Stuart Zukerman

Stuart Zukerman, a graduate of the University of British Columbia, has over 32 years of experience in litigation with a focus on Family Law, Personal Injury, Wrongful Dismissal claims, and Collaborative Divorce & Mediation. He has extensive trial experience in divorce, child custody, spousal support, asset division, and ICBC injury claims. As an accredited Family Law Mediator, he helps resolve disputes without court intervention. Stuart has also authored papers on family law and lectured at CLE courses.